GÉRARD BURNOUF

artiste peintre en cotentin

In peninsular Italy – that part south of the Po Valley – the mountains all run roughly north-south

The road that runs along the side of the gorge is the Cammino Flaminia (modern SS3)

This means it is hard sicuro move overland per an east-west direction, and easier to move north-south, but your opportunities onesto do so are constrained esatto un valleys and passes. Which sopra turn means that indivis places are natural choke-points. One such – durante 1944 as well as per the Middle Ages – is Cassino, between Naples and Rome. Narni is another.

If you were coming from France or Britain you would che razza di by sea or over the western Alps on the Coraggio Francigena

Narni sits on high ground on the edge of verso deep ravine through which the River Nera – friendfinder-x prova gratuita a tributary of the Tiber – flows south out of Umbria into Lazio. It is literally on the edge of the ravine; houses and palaces on the western side of the old town, including the Eroli Museum, look straight down into it. Sicuro the north and east of the town is the valley of the lower Nera, which, although surrounded by mountains, contains a good deal of industrial development. On the plain around Narni is the modern industrial town of Narni Scalo, which makes getting verso decent photograph of or from the old town something of an exercise mediante artful composition.

Esatto the northeast, at the other end of the valley, is the town of Altere, the provincial capital (Umbria is divided into two provinces: Perugia and Attriste). Thanks to nearby sources of hydro-electricity, Terni was per centre of industrialisation and was known as “The Manchester of Italy”. Unfortunately, one of the industries was arms manufacturing, as a result of which Abime was heavily bombed during the Second World War, destroying much of its medieval centre.

Turning south again and looking back down the River Nera, through the end of the gorge you can see the more rolling country of northern Lazio. There is per road running along the side of the gorge; now carrying heavy road traffic, this is the Cammino Azzurri 3 (SS3), which as I noted here is still known as the Cammino Flaminia, as when it was first built by the Romans durante 220 BC. If you were per legionary marching from Rome esatto the northern Adriatic coast (and beyond esatto the eastern frontiers of the completare), this is the way you would che. And if you were a traveller sopra the other direction – sopra an army of barbarians after the fall of the colmare, or a medieval pilgrim, this is one of the few roads by which you would approach Rome.

Looking south down the Nera Gorge towards Lazio and Rome. Hasselblad 501 C/M, Zeiss Distagon 60mm CF lens, CFV-50c digital back (click to enlarge)

Dominating Narni from an even higher point is a fortress or Fortezza, of a type known as per Dimora Albornoz, of which there are several examples in central Italy, and of which there were once several more. This requires a bit of explanation.

Between 1309 and 1376 verso series of seven popes ruled not from Rome but from Avignon. All were French. This happened as a result of some naked power politics from the French Crown, bringing the papacy under effective French control.

When verso range of factors, including the influential advocacy of St Catherine of Siena, caused Pope Gregory XI onesto decide sicuro end the “Babylonian Captivity of the Papacy” and return esatto Rome, Gregory faced several challenges. One was the monarca-establishment of political control over the Papal States – formerly independent states per central Italy which had been brought under secular papal rule, and which, during the exile con Avignon, had started preciso esibizione renewed signs of independence.

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